Addis Ababa February 22/2018 National prevalence of HIV and AIDS has reportedly decreased, according to a news survey out of the Central Statistics Agency (CSA).
A workshop on the 4th Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey has kicked off in Addis Ababa.
The survey covers the period from 2005 up to 2016, was conducted for a period of six months in nine regional states and two city administration on a sample survey on 30,133 respondents with age range between 15 and 49.
According to the survey which was presented by Yemane Getaneh, a senior research at the Ethiopian Institute of Public Health, the prevalence of HIV and AIDS was 1.4 percent in 2005 and has been reduced to 0.9 percent in 2016.
In 2005, the prevalence of the virus among women of the specified age was 1.9 percent and in 2016 it was reduced to 1.4.
The prevalence of the virus among men during the same period was reduced from 0.9 percent to 0.6 percent in 2016.
Figures for the above mentioned period regarding men and women for the same period largely indicate the overall reduction in the prevalence of the disease.
The overall reduction in the prevalence of the disease is attributed to the expansion of service delivery in counseling and provision of ART facilities
HIV and AIDS prevalence in the urban centers of the country stands at 2.9 percent while figures for rural areas show 0.4 percent indicating seven fold prevalence in urban centers compared to the rural areas.
Resorting to multiple sexual partnerships, unusual sexual practices, low level of condom usage had exacerbated the prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the urban centers of the country.
The prevalence among widows and single persons was reportedly low.
Yemane added that Gambela State registered the highest level of prevalence with 4.8 percent.
Speaking on the occasion, CSO Executive Director Biratu Yigezu said that the findings of the research could be an input for researchers, academicals and development workers.
The survey was funded by the Ministry of Health, USAID and other development partners.